Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of Other folks from your Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, pidžame some on 40 several years ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century they are instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of shorter costume major around pidžame shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, specifically in the US where they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.